Course Descriptions

302 Agriculture: its Origins, Environmental Impacts, and Social Transformations
Beginnings of agriculture, one of the great revolutions in human history. Domestication of plants and animals, dispersal of domesticates, long-term intensification of agriculture, environmental consequences of agriculture, and related social and cultural transformations. Archaeological evidence from Mesopotamia, Europe, Mesoamerica, and North America.

Prerequisites: One of the following: 214, 225, Biological Science 204, or Environmental Sciences 235.
306 Evolution of Life Histories
Evolved strategies for allocating resources among growth, reproduction, and maintenance; emphasis on the biological processes underlying the human life cycle and its evolution.

310 Evolution and Human Social Behavior
Introduction to the application of theory from evolutionary biology to cultural anthropology; principles of evolutionary biology; application of principles to human social behavior and culture.

Prerequisite: 213 or equivalent.

311 The Indians of North America
Survey of aboriginal cultures of northern Mexico, continental United States, Alaska and Canada. Languages, art, and social, economic and religious life of representative North American Indian tribes

312 Human Population Biology
Current theory and research in human biological diversity, focusing on the impact of ecological and social factors on human biology; how adaptation to environmental stressors promotes human biological variation.

Prerequisite: 213.

313 Anthropological Population Genetics
Principles of population genetics applied to primates. Mathematical models, analyses of small populations and interaction of social and genetic processes. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

314 Human Growth and Development
Integrated biological and cultural perspective on human growth and development from infancy through adolescence; cross-cultural variation in developmental processes and outcomes.

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level course in anthropology, psychology, or biology or consent of instructor.

315 Medical Anthropology
Theories of interactions between culture and biology that affect human health. Beliefs and practices for curing illness and maintaining well being. Cross-cultural study of infectious and chronic diseases, mental illness, infant/maternal mortality, poverty, and gender.

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level anthropology or sociology course, or consent of instructor.

317 Human Evolution
Fossil record and reconstruction of phylogeny, morphological and behavioral adaptation of early hominids and forebears.

318 Material Worlds/Middle Ages

319 Material Life and Cultural Europe 1500-1800
320 Peoples of Africa
A survey of the cultures of Africa and the significant similarities and differences among the indigenous societies of the continent.

Prerequisite: 211.

321 Archaeological Field Methods
Practical training in archaeological field methods and techniques at an excavation site; given with Summer Archaeological Field School.

322 Introduction to Archaeology Research Design and Methods
Quantitative and numerical approaches to the description and analysis of patterns in archaeological data, including typology, sequence ordering and attribute analysis.

Prerequisite: 301 or 302 or equivalent.

325 Archaeological Methods Laboratory
Analysis of archaeological methods (faunal, botanical, artifact, or soil analysis) with various techniques. May be repeated for credit.

327 The Archaeology of Ethnicity in America

History of different ethnic groups in America as shown through material culture: their living quarters, burials, food remains, tools, jewelry, etc.  How ethnic groups have been portrayed or ignored in museum displays that claim to depict the American, and Chinese-Americans.  For students considering careers in anthropology, archaeology, museum studies, education, and history.

328 The Maya
The archaeology of the Maya in Latin America; life and society in pre-Columbian Maya civilization, the history of Maya resistance to colonial and post-colonial domination (e.g., Zapatiatas).

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level anthropology, history, or sociology course.

330 Peoples of the World
Ethnography and comparative study of a regionally or historically associated group of cultures or a type of community defined in ecological, ideological, or other terms. May be repeated for credit.

332 The Anthropology of Reproduction
Marriage and reproduction throughout the world, particularly the developing world and Africa. Conjugal strategies, fertility, contraception.

335 Language in Asian America
A survey of linguistic anthropological topics that pertain to Asian American communities, including bilingualism, code-switching, language socialization, language shift, style, sociolinguistic variation, indexicality, media, and semiotics. Taught with Asian-Am 335.

339 Material Culture
The relationship between material objects and social life; review of theoretical approaches to gifts and commodities; ethnographic collecting in colonial and postcolonial settings; relationship between culture and aesthetics.

Prerequisite: 211 or consent of instructor.

341 Economic Anthropology
Economic organization in small-scale, non-industrialized communities. Traditional structures of primitive and peasant economies.

347 Political Anthropology
Cross-cultural study of political organization in stateless and state societies; the state, its origin, and changing role in developing countries.

350 Anthropology of Religion
The human relationship with the supernatural and action patterns accompanying beliefs. Comparison of non-literate religions and historical religions.

354 Gender and Anthropology
Cross-cultural survey of women's roles from three perspectives: biosocial, sociocultural, politicoeconomic. Theory of gender inequality; emphasis on the third world.

355 Sexualities
Cross-cultural survey of sexuality from an anthropological perspective. Focuses on three periods in anthropology; the first half of the 20th century; the 1970s and 1980s; and the turn of the 21st century.

360 Language and Culture
Relationship between language and culture: language as the vehicle of culture and as the manifestation of thought.

361 Talk and Social Action
Analysis of talk-in-interaction based on examination of audio and video recorded data and associated transcripts. Conversation, action, turn, sequence, relevance, social structure, qualitative methodologies.

Prerequisite: 215 or consent of instructor.

362 Advanced Methods in Quantitative Analysis
Advanced applications of univariate and multivariate statistics to anthropological research questions.

Prerequisite: permission of instructor.

363 Language Variation and Change
Introduction to the study of language in its social context, with focus on quantitative sociolinguistics and the frameworks and methods of analysis developed by sociolinguists at work in this area.

Prerequisite: consent of the instructor.

365 Language, Race, and Ethnicity in the United States
Analysis of connections between language ideologies, language use, and meanings of race and ethnicity. Bilingualism, immigration, identity, accented English, African American English, language policy, "English only" movement, education, social change. Taught with ASIAN AM 365; students may not earn credit for both courses.

368 Latino Ethnography
Sociocultural analysis of U.S. Latino communities.  Examines ethnographies by and about Latinos based in the United States.  Draws on a broad disciplinary basis, including Latino studies and ethnic studies, to critique and elaborate on ethnographic methods and epistemologies.  Prerequisite: 211 or 212, Latin AM 251, or consent of instructor.

369 Contemporary Immigration to the United States
Major theories in immigration studies; contemporary processes of immigration and immigrant "community building" in the United States. Prerequisite: 200- level anthropology or sociology

370 Anthropology in Historical Perspective
Major schools of thought in social, archaeological and biological anthropology over the last century.

Prerequisite: one 200-level course in anthropology or consent of instructor.

372 Third World Urbanization
Urbanization processes in the Third world. Spatial development, wage labor, the informal sector, gender relations, rural-urban migration, and global and transnational interactions. Effects of these processes on sociocultural practices.

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level social science course or consent of instructor.

373 Power and Culture in American Cities
Overview of history and present realities of American urban life, with focus on ethnographic knowledge and stratification by class, race, ethnicity, gender, nationality, and sexuality. Reconstitution of social and cultural relations, politics, and labor markets by recurrent streams of migration.

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level cultural anthropology or sociology course or consent of instructor.

374 The Anthropology of Complex Organizations
Examination of recent research in organizational ethnography based on investigations in industrial ethnology, the anthropology of work, studies of public-sector bureaucracies, and research in multinational corporations.

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level anthropology or sociology course or consent of instructor.

376 Socialization
Cross-cultural study of the intergenerational transmission of culture; processes by which social groups pass on social tradition and behavior to succeeding generations.

Prerequisite: 211, introductory psychology, or consent of instructor.

377 Psychological Anthropology
Contemporary approaches to cross-cultural behavior: ecocultural aspects of behavior development through maturation and socialization in human and nonhuman primates.

Prerequisite: introductory survey courses in psychology or anthropology, or consent of instructor.

378 Law and Culture
Introduction to the anthropology of law; institutional knowledge as seen in material culture and legal documents; colonial and post-colonial settings; theoretical approaches to the relationships between law and culture, colonialism, evidence, and globalization.

Prerequisite: 200-level course in anthropology or consent of instructor.

382 Households and Everyday Life
The role of households and everyday life in past and present societies throughout the world. Focus on people, gender, social relations, and interpersonal relations. An archaeology course with heavy emphasis on theoretical perspectives from sociology and cultural anthropology.

Prerequisite: 100 or 200-level anthropology, history, or sociology course.

383 Environmental Anthropology
Theory of interactions between organisms and their environments, with application to human populations.

384 Slavery's Material Record
Archaeological approaches to studying Atlantic world slavery; botanical and material legacies of Africans in the Americas; archaeologies of resistance.
386 Methods in Human Biology Research
Laboratory-based introduction to international research in human biology and health; methods for assessing nutritional status, physical activity, growth, cardiovascular health, endocrine and immune function.

Prerequisite: 213 or consent of instructor.

389 Ethnographic Methods and Analysis
Descriptive, naturalistic study of the culture of human social groups. Data gathering through observation and interview. Data analysis for ethnographic reporting.

Prerequisites: 211 and 215.

390 Topics in Anthropology
Advanced work in areas of developing interest and special significance. Can be repeated for credit with different topics.

391 Archaeology, Ethics, and Contemporary Society
Ethical issues in the practice of archaeology; focus on developing archaeological materials relevant to contemporary society.

393 Chicago Field Studies Internship
See General Studies

396 Advanced Archaeological Field Methods (1 or 2)
Complex excavation and survey procedures, topographic map-making, excavation drawing, soil description. Offered in conjunction with the Summer Archaeological Field School.

401-1,2,3 The Logic of Inquiry in Anthropology
Advanced introduction to the core of anthropology for beginning graduate students.

422-1,2 Archaeological Thought in Historical Perspective
Advanced introduction to archaeological research as a process in which theoretical constructs shape research designs.

424 Seminar in Biological Anthropology
Presentation and discussion of topics in biological anthropology, including graduate student and faculty research interests, new literature and reports on current meetings.

461 Methods of Linguistic Anthropology
Methods and techniques of linguistic anthropology, such as componential semantic analysis, linguistic ethnography (ethnoscience), systematic lexicography and the use of informants and interpreters.

470 History of Anthropological Theory
Sociocultural anthropology during the past 150 years; philosophical and historical roots of the subject.

472 Seminar in Political Anthropology
Anthropological approaches to cross-cultural study of political and political organization. Themes include evolutionary and historical frameworks; political processes; kinship, ethnicity and religion; political change, colonialism and the world system.

473 Seminar in Economic Anthropology
Anthropological approaches to the study of economic life. Case studies and theoretical works address the development of economic anthropology and its relationship to the rest of the discipline and to other social sciences.

474 Seminar in Religion and Values
Philosophical and methodological problems that relate to cultural anthropology. Approaches to the analysis of cosmology, ritual and myth; comparison of scriptural and non-scriptural religions.

475 Seminar in Contemporary Theory
Recent trends in social theory. Examines work from outside as well as within anthropology, as it has contributed to debate within the discipline (e.g., structuralism, practice theory, post-modernism).

486 Evolution and Biological Anthropology

History of evolutionary thought; the development of biological anthropology.

490 Topics in Anthropology
Presentations by departmental faculty on contemporary topics of importance to the development of anthropology. May be repeated for credit with change in topic.

496 Bridging Seminar
Advanced course designed to integrate topics from the four sub fields of anthropology (archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology and linguistic anthropology). May be repeated for credit.

499-1,2,3 Independent Study
Permission of instructor and department required.

510-1,2,3 Faculty Colloquium
Faculty, visitors and advanced graduate students present lectures on the state-of-the-art in anthropology, based on their own research.

570 Anthropology Seminar
Special topics. May be repeated for credit with change of topic.

590 Research
Independent investigation of selected problems pertaining to thesis or dissertation.

595 Field Study in Anthropology
Research experience in anthropological fieldwork to complement theoretical education and to prepare graduate students for advanced field research.